E-ISSN 2475-0581
 

Original Article 


Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency

Nilay Sahan, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Ayhan Parmaksiz, Songul Atasavun Uysal.

Abstract
Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the clinical key factors, that is, ADHD symptom severity, comorbidity and motor skill level, and the quality of life perceived by the child and parent.
Method: A total of 81 boys, 6-10 years were evaluated. Five groups of children were compared: ADHD only (n=18); ADHD and specific learning disorder (n=17); ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (n=16); ADHD and anxiety disorder (n=15); typical developing (n=15). The Connersí Parent Scale- Revised Short Form and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Parent and Child Forms were filled out. Motor skills were evaluated using the 2nd version of the Bruininsky-Oseretsky Motor Proficiency Test. Progressive regression analysis was used to determine the extent to which the quality of life of children was predicted by the comorbid status, ADHD symptoms and severity, and motor skill scores.
Results: ADHD diagnosis affects the quality of life according to both child and parent reports whether comorbid psychiatric disorder accompanies it or not. Although the comorbidity of opposition defiant disorder affects the quality of life more according to child reports, it shows that having ADHD diagnosis alone is enough to affect the quality of life of children according to parent reports. Additionally, the presence of comorbidity accompanying ADHD diagnosis, increases in ADHD symptom severity and motor skill deficiencies are important predictors of quality of life according to both child and parent reports.
Conclusion: Considering different aspects of ADHD; a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms persisting into adulthood, on the perceptions of both children and families about quality of life will contribute to improving the childrenís well-being.

Key words: Quality of life, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, comorbidity, motor skills, children.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sahan N, Esen HTC, Parmaksiz A, Uysal SA. Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. 2020; 30(4): 403-414. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525


Web Style

Sahan N, Esen HTC, Parmaksiz A, Uysal SA. Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency. http://www.psychiatryandclinicalpsychopharmacology.org/?mno=113105 [Access: December 28, 2020]. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sahan N, Esen HTC, Parmaksiz A, Uysal SA. Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. 2020; 30(4): 403-414. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sahan N, Esen HTC, Parmaksiz A, Uysal SA. Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. (2020), [cited December 28, 2020]; 30(4): 403-414. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525



Harvard Style

Sahan, N., Esen, . H. T. C., Parmaksiz, . A. & Uysal, . S. A. (2020) Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP, 30 (4), 403-414. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525



Turabian Style

Sahan, Nilay, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Ayhan Parmaksiz, and Songul Atasavun Uysal. 2020. Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30 (4), 403-414. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525



Chicago Style

Sahan, Nilay, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Ayhan Parmaksiz, and Songul Atasavun Uysal. "Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency." Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 30 (2020), 403-414. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sahan, Nilay, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Ayhan Parmaksiz, and Songul Atasavun Uysal. "Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency." Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 30.4 (2020), 403-414. Print. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sahan, N., Esen, . H. T. C., Parmaksiz, . A. & Uysal, . S. A. (2020) Self- and Parent-Rated Quality of Life in School Aged Children with ADHD: The Impact of Common Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders and Motor Proficiency. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30 (4), 403-414. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200818114525