E-ISSN 2475-0581
 

Original Article 


Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey

Borte Gurbuz Ozgur, Hande Aytac.

Abstract
Objectives: The mean age of diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was not at the desired level yet. Early diagnosis is one of the most positive factor on prognosis. Therefore, various screening programs are implemented in different countries to provide early diagnosis. ASD screening and follow-up program is implemented in all provinces in Turkey as a part of National Action Plan for Individuals with ASD. The purpose of the study is to assess the outcomes of patients referred in period of one year by primary health care professionals who received autism training program.
Methods: Of the 18,678 children aged 18-36 months who were screened by family physicians with a 5-question screening scale for a period of one year, 320 children who were found to be at risk for ASD were evaluated. In addition to psychiatric examination, developmental assessment and Childhood Autism Rating Scale results were reviewed retrospectively.
Results: Two hundred sixty-four out of 320 risky children were evaluated by the child and adolescent psychiatrist. Ninety-four were diagnosed with ASD. The most frequent diagnoses that follow were language disorder and intellectual disability. While 6.8% of the referred patients (n=18) were subjects who had received ASD diagnosis previously, 77 subjects received ASD diagnosis for the first time. It can be seen that as the markings in the screening form as risky increased, the rate of being diagnosed with ASD also increases. The positive predictive value of 5-question screening form was 35.6%.
Conclusions: This program enables the diagnosis of ASD at an early age during community-based screening. We believe that the most important advantage of the program is that it can be implemented quickly and easily by family physicians.

Key words: Autism spectrum disorders, early diagnosis, screening, family physician


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ozgur BG, Aytac H. Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. 2020; 30(3): 241-247. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604


Web Style

Ozgur BG, Aytac H. Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey. http://www.psychiatryandclinicalpsychopharmacology.org/?mno=104119 [Access: October 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ozgur BG, Aytac H. Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. 2020; 30(3): 241-247. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ozgur BG, Aytac H. Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. (2020), [cited October 02, 2020]; 30(3): 241-247. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604



Harvard Style

Ozgur, B. G. & Aytac, . H. (2020) Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP, 30 (3), 241-247. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604



Turabian Style

Ozgur, Borte Gurbuz, and Hande Aytac. 2020. Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30 (3), 241-247. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604



Chicago Style

Ozgur, Borte Gurbuz, and Hande Aytac. "Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey." Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 30 (2020), 241-247. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ozgur, Borte Gurbuz, and Hande Aytac. "Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey." Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 30.3 (2020), 241-247. Print. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ozgur, B. G. & Aytac, . H. (2020) Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening and Follow-Up Program in a Sample of Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30 (3), 241-247. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200507075604