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Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey

Irem Ekmekci Ertek, Mustafa Necmi Ilhan, Asiye Ugras Dikmen, Melih Gozukara.

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  • Abstract
    Objectives: ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and BAD (Bipolar Affective Disorder) are two diseases that are frequently interrelated and there are difficulties in diagnosis and treatment. In this study, it was aimed to examine the prevalence of adult ADHD and its relationship with BAD.
    Methods: 1517 people attending primary health care services in Ankara were evaluated with sociodemographic data, Adult Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Report (ASRS), and Bipolar Prodrome Symptom Scale (BPSS).
    Results: The prevalence of adult ADHD was 3.7%. The rate of the participants whose bipolar frequency score was above the cut-off point was 47.2% in the non-ADHD group and 70.4% in the ADHD group. These rates were 7.6% and 37.0% according to the bipolar severity scores, respectively. 14.5% of the ADHD group and 1.6% of the non-ADHD group had a forensic event (p <0.001). 18.2 of the ADHD group and 9.0% of the non-ADHD group had a traffic accident (p=0.041).
    Conclusions: A significant relationship between ADHD and prodromal BAD symptoms was found in people over 18 years of age who applied to primary health care institutions, and ADHD was associated with an increased risk of forensic events and traffic accidents.

    Key words: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Bipolar Affective Disorder; prevalence; comorbidity


     
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    How to Cite this Article
    Pubmed Style

    Ertek IE, Ilhan MN, Dikmen AU, Gozukara M. Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. 2020; 30(4): 374-380. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339


    Web Style

    Ertek IE, Ilhan MN, Dikmen AU, Gozukara M. Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey. http://www.psychiatryandclinicalpsychopharmacology.org/?mno=100271 [Access: December 28, 2020]. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339


    AMA (American Medical Association) Style

    Ertek IE, Ilhan MN, Dikmen AU, Gozukara M. Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. 2020; 30(4): 374-380. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339



    Vancouver/ICMJE Style

    Ertek IE, Ilhan MN, Dikmen AU, Gozukara M. Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP. (2020), [cited December 28, 2020]; 30(4): 374-380. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339



    Harvard Style

    Ertek, I. E., Ilhan, . M. N., Dikmen, . A. U. & Gozukara, . M. (2020) Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology - PCP, 30 (4), 374-380. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339



    Turabian Style

    Ertek, Irem Ekmekci, Mustafa Necmi Ilhan, Asiye Ugras Dikmen, and Melih Gozukara. 2020. Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30 (4), 374-380. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339



    Chicago Style

    Ertek, Irem Ekmekci, Mustafa Necmi Ilhan, Asiye Ugras Dikmen, and Melih Gozukara. "Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey." Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 30 (2020), 374-380. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339



    MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

    Ertek, Irem Ekmekci, Mustafa Necmi Ilhan, Asiye Ugras Dikmen, and Melih Gozukara. "Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey." Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 30.4 (2020), 374-380. Print. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339



    APA (American Psychological Association) Style

    Ertek, I. E., Ilhan, . M. N., Dikmen, . A. U. & Gozukara, . M. (2020) Is There a Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30 (4), 374-380. doi:10.5455/PCP.20200714114339